There’s an old saying about the crisis of being born: “You can’t pick your parents.” There’s another unspoken — yet harder and uncrackable — chestnut that rings truer and harsher: “You can’t pick your income level.” For children across the world, that reality means millions are condemned to lifelong suffering because they were born into poverty without any sort of clear economic path for breaking free of that chain.

Here’s the hard truth in America:

Nearly 13 million American children live in families with incomes below the federal poverty level, which is $20,000 USD a year for a family of four. The number of children living in poverty increased by more than 11 percent between 2000 and 2005. There are 1.3 million more children living in poverty today than in 2000, despite indications of economic recovery and growth.

  • Nationwide, 18% of children live in families that are officially considered poor (13 million children).
  • Across the states, child poverty rates range from 7% in New Hampshire to 27% in Mississippi.
  • 20% of children under age 6–1 in 5–live in poor families; 16% of children age 6 or older live in poor families.
  • In half the states, more than 20% of children under age 6 are growing up in poverty, whereas only 13 states have a child poverty rate (that is, for children up to age 18) that is as high.
  • Researchers believe that parents of young children do not earn as much as parents of older children because they tend to be younger and have less work experience.

The nationality of your parents has a big effect if you are born poor or not:

  • 26% of children of immigrants are poor; 16% of children of native-born parents are poor. (Children living with one immigrant parent and one native-born parent are not included.)
  • In the six states with the largest populations of immigrants–California, Florida, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, and Texas–the poverty rate among children of immigrant parents ranges from 14% to 40%.
  • In all six states, children living with immigrant parents are more likely to be poor than children of native-born parents.

The color of your skin also defines the course of your life from the moment of your first breath:

  • 35% of black children live in poor families.
  • In the 10 most populated states, rates of child poverty among black children range from 20% in New Jersey to 43% in Ohio.
  • 28% of Latino children live in poor families.
  • In the 10 most populated states, rates of child poverty among Latino children range from 20% in New Jersey, Florida, and Illinois to 35% in Texas.
  • 29% of American Indian and 11% of Asian children live in poor families (comparable state comparisons are not possible due to small sample sizes).
  • 10% of white children live in poor families.
  • In the 10 most populated states, rates of child poverty among white children range from 4% in New Jersey to 12% in Georgia.

Here are some other undeniable facts concerning worldwide child poverty from UNICEF:

  • A child born today in the developing world has a 4 out of 10 chance of living in extreme poverty and this poverty defines every aspect of the child’s existence, from malnutrition, lack of clean water and inadequate sanitation, to life expectancy.
  • Poverty is the main underlying cause of millions of preventable deaths and the reason why children are malnourished, miss out on school or are abused and exploited.
  • Poverty is at the core of a pervasive violation of children’s rights.

Gender also plays an important role in forging the unforgiving chain of child poverty:

  • A girl born to poverty is more likely to marry early and have a child while still an adolescent.
  • A malnourished girl becomes a malnourished mother, who will give birth to an underweight baby and, like their parents, poor children are likely to transmit their poverty to the next generation.

If you’re looking to make a difference, you can make a donation to UNICEF right now to help a poor child create a better life.

20 Comments

  1. Hi David,
    Poverty and caste are two different issues.
    The governmental help is limited but there are lots of voluntary institutions work for the poor.
    Poverty is a general concern and people understand the need to improve the condition – caste is completely a seperate issue.
    There are a few lower caste families in our hometown in India those who can buy our family property – they are supposed to be scheduled caste but exremely affluent.
    But they are rare.

  2. Yes David, very much!
    But those examples are really rare.
    It depends on the location and family background.
    Ours is a regular middle class family, my great grand pa was a farmer, my gandpa was a local librarian and both my father and mother was teacher by profession.
    On the contrary, the family I was talking about could be tracked two generations back. The first generation used to be a labor in the local firm land and started small business, the second generation owns a couple gas stations, cold storages, rice mills etc.
    I have seen way more poor higher caste families in our hometown.
    Poverty is mostly seen in rural India where the economy is agriculture based and climate dependent.

  3. Hi David,
    Your understanding is right, at the same time there are other nuances are there to be considered.
    My caste is my future where there are severe lack of resources, education and awareness.
    Economically India is a poor country because it is overpopulated and half of the population happens to be the lower caste.
    There are lots of areas and issues that needs to be addressed, at the same time the tendency to abuse the system should be reduced – if not by good ethics then by law.

  4. Hi David,
    The last link speaks about “reservation/quota” for retired lower caste judges in regard to appointment in Industrial and Tribunal Labor courts as presiding officers.
    In simpler words, if there are 100 posts for presiding officers half of those will be reserved for retired lower caste judges.
    I guess a high court/supreme court judge makes enough living while working regardless of their caste – how can it be ensured that the reservation/quota reaches to them those who really need it?