I love the outlier. Most scientific people discourage the outlier as an anomaly, an outsider, a “something that must be identified and then discredited.”
I, on the other hand, think the real truth speaks outside the mainstream meme, and in the outlier we find the nuggets of perspective and understanding the median mind — or result, or analysis, or argument — cannot hope to provide.
In the outlier, we find a view of the bigger picture and with that perspective we gain insight and an annulment of the middling mindset.
You do not discount the outlier.
You must become the outlier.
You are required to find out the why of the outlier — and then apply the outlier thinking to the mainstream and not the other way around — even if the presence of an outlier makes no sense at all.